45 states and 3 territories have joined the Common Core State Standards (CCSS) initiative. Whether you agree with this approach to education or not, chances are it is coming to your school. Middle school teachers who work with colleagues on a team have several distinct advantages in addressing the CCSS over those teachers who work in isolation:
- The literacy standards are for every subject area; teams can develop a systematic approach across the curriculum to ensure their students master the standards through multiple practices in a variety of contexts.
- Team teachers who meet regularly in common planning time can easily exchange ideas and strategies.
- Team teachers can monitor the progress of their students in meeting the standards across curriculum areas; interventions can be quickly implemented when needed.
- Team teachers can identify major skill gaps that affect many students and use flexible scheduling and grouping to craft focused and intense learning experiences that address those gaps.
What should teams do?
Here are 2 steps to get started:
- Familiarize yourselves with what the actual document (http://www.corestandards.org/) says. At the very least, take a look at the anchor standards and self-assess how well you are already addressing them in your classes. Be honest–now is not the time to say “Oh yeah, we do that.” when in reality it only happens once in a blue moon. Make a list of practices, processes, lessons, and/or units you feel address these key standards. When meeting about the Common Core, it is better to be prepared with specifics than to talk off the cuff. Specifics help us all be more articulate and less defensive. The anchor standards for literacy and math are listed at the end of the post.
- Watch videos together like the one below that show teachers who have been piloting the Common Core Standards. Have a conversation afterwards about what you observed: What surprised you? What validated what you already do? What do you need more information about? What should your next steps be as you develop a team plan for helping your students meet these standards?
Collaboration is key to a sensible approach to integrating the Common Core into our teaching.
Anchor Standards for English/ Language Arts and Literacy standards for history/social studies, science and technical subjects:
Key Ideas and Details
1. Read closely to determine what the text says explicitly and to make logical inferences from it; cite speciﬁc textual evidence when writing or speaking to support conclusions drawn from the text.
2. Determine central ideas or themes of a text and analyze their development; summarize the key supporting details and ideas.
3. Analyze how and why individuals, events, and ideas develop and interact over the course of a text.
Craft and Structure
4. Interpret words and phrases as they are used in a text, including determining technical, connotative, and ﬁgurative meanings, and analyze how speciﬁc word choices shape meaning or tone.
5. Analyze the structure of texts, including how speciﬁc sentences, paragraphs, and larger portions of the text (e.g., a section, chapter, scene, or stanza) relate to each other and the whole.
6. Assess how point of view or purpose shapes the content and style of a text.
Integration of Knowledge and Ideas
7. Integrate and evaluate content presented in diverse media and formats, including visually and quantitatively, as well as in words.*
8. Delineate and evaluate the argument and speciﬁc claims in a text, including the validity of the reasoning as well as the relevance and sufficiency of the evidence.
9. Analyze how two or more texts address similar themes or topics in order to build knowledge or to compare the approaches the authors take.
Range of Reading and Level of Text Complexity
10. Read and comprehend complex literary and informational texts independently and proﬁciently.
Text Types and Purposes*
1. Write arguments to support claims in an analysis of substantive topics or texts, using valid reasoning and relevant and sufficient evidence.
2. Write informative/explanatory texts to examine and convey complex ideas and information clearly and accurately through the effective selection, organization, and analysis of content.
3. Write narratives to develop real or imagined experiences or events using effective technique, well-chosen details, and well-structured event sequences.
Production and Distribution of Writing
4. Produce clear and coherent writing in which the development, organization, and style are appropriate to task, purpose, and audience.
5. Develop and strengthen writing as needed by planning, revising, editing, rewriting, or trying a new approach.
6. Use technology, including the Internet, to produce and publish writing and to interact and collaborate with others.
Research to Build and Present Knowledge
7. Conduct short as well as more sustained research projects based on focused questions, demonstrating understanding of the subject under investigation.
8. Gather relevant information from multiple print and digital sources, assess the credibility and accuracy of each source, and integrate the information while avoiding plagiarism.
9. Draw evidence from literary or informational texts to support analysis, reﬂection, and research.
Range of Writing
10. Write routinely over extended time frames (time for research, reﬂection, and revision) and shorter time frames (a
single sitting or a day or two) for a range of tasks, purposes, and audiences.
Speaking and Listening
Comprehension and Collaboration
1. Prepare for and participate effectively in a range of conversations and collaborations with diverse partners, building on others’ ideas and expressing their own clearly and persuasively.
2. Integrate and evaluate information presented in diverse media and formats, including visually, quantitatively, and orally.
3. Evaluate a speaker’s point of view, reasoning, and use of evidence and rhetoric.
Presentation of Knowledge and Ideas
4. Present information, ﬁndings, and supporting evidence such that listeners can follow the line of reasoning and the organization, development, and style are appropriate to task, purpose, and audience.
5. Make strategic use of digital media and visual displays of data to express information and enhance understanding of presentations.
6. Adapt speech to a variety of contexts and communicative tasks, demonstrating command of formal English when indicated or appropriate.
Conventions of Standard English
1. Demonstrate command of the conventions of standard English grammar and usage when writing or speaking.
2. Demonstrate command of the conventions of standard English capitalization, punctuation, and spelling when writing.
Knowledge of Language
3. Apply knowledge of language to understand how language functions in different contexts, to make effective choices for meaning or style, and to comprehend more fully when reading or listening.
Vocabulary Acquisition and Use
4. Determine or clarify the meaning of unknown and multiple-meaning words and phrases by using context clues, analyzing meaningful word parts, and consulting general and specialized reference materials, as appropriate.
5. Demonstrate understanding of ﬁgurative language, word relationships, and nuances in word meanings.
6. Acquire and use accurately a range of general academic and domain-speciﬁc words and phrases sufficient for reading, writing, speaking, and listening at the college and career readiness level; demonstrate independence in gathering vocabulary knowledge when encountering an unknown term important to comprehension or expression. grammar, usage, and mechanics
Standards for Mathematical Practice (content is by grade level):
1. Make sense of problems and persevere in solving them.
2. Reason abstractly and quantitatively.
3. Construct viable arguments and critique the reasoning of others.
4. Model with mathematics.
5. Use appropriate tools strategically.
6. Attend to precision.
7. Look for and make use of structure.
8. Look for and express regularity in repeated reasoning.